Prague's Celebrations of 450th Birth of Johannes kepler
Authors
Šolcová, A.; Valenta,, J.
Year
2022
Published
Československý časopis fyzikální. 2022, 72(2), 139-141. ISSN 0009-0700.
Type
Article
Departments
Annotation
The conference the work of Johannes Kepler and his live in Prague -
7 contributions
The New Method of Measure of Longitude – Alois Martin David,
Authors
Year
2022
Published
The Bigraphical Encyclopedia of Astrnomers. 3 ed. Heidelberg: Springer, 2022. vol. 2.
Type
Book chapter
Departments
Annotation
The New Method of Measure of Longitude of Alois Martin David, famous astronomer of Prague's Observatory
Creating Czech Terminology in the work of J. F. Smetana and his predecessors in the 18th and 19th Century
Authors
Šolcová, A.; Valenta, J.
Year
2021
Published
Československý časopis pro fyziku. 2021, 71(6), 446-453. ISSN 0009-0700.
Type
Article
Departments
Annotation
On the development of the Czech terminology in the exact sciences in the 18th and 19th century, to which F. J. Smetana (Bedrich Smetana's older cousin) made a significant contribution. In addition, next mathematicians and physicists, for instance Stanislav Vydra and J. V. Sedlaček contributed to the creation of new terminology.
From Great Discoveries in Number Theory to Applications
Authors
Šolcová, A.; Křížek,, M.; Somer, L.
Year
2021
Published
Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag, GmbH, 2021. vol. 1. ISBN 978-3-030-83898-0.
Type
Book
Departments
Annotation
The purpose of this book is to provide an overview of many interesting properties of natural numbers and to demonstrate their numerous appereances and applications in areas such as cryptography, geometry, astronomy, mechanics, computers sciences. You find some surprizing connections between mumber theory and graph theory in this book.
The medailist and sculptor Zdeněk Kolářský through the eyes of mathematicians and physicists.
Authors
Šolcová, A.; Valenta,, J.
Year
2021
Published
Československý časopis pro fyziku. 2021, 71(5), 309-401. ISSN 0009-0700.
Type
Article
Departments
Annotation
A cooperation between mathematicians, physicists and artists. The sculptor Z. Kolařský is author of memorial tablet of Albert Einstein? Staroměstské nám. 551/17.
First Steps to Electromagnetism and Hans Christian Oersted (1777 - 1851)
Authors
Year
2020
Published
Československý časopis pro fyziku. 2020, 70(3), 225-227. ISSN 0009-0700.
Type
Article
Departments
Annotation
An essay on how a discovery was made that affected many fields of science and technology.
Physics through the eyes of Comenius
Authors
Year
2020
Published
Rozhledy matematicko-fyzikální. 2020, 95(1), 35-39. ISSN 0035-9343.
Type
Article
Departments
Annotation
Analysis of Comenius physical views. It is described meeting of Comenius with René Descartes and his efforts to creating of perpetuum mobile.
The Perfect Day - 6_28 in the year 2020
Authors
Šolcová, A.; Šolc, J.
Year
2020
Published
Inovační podnikání a transfer technologií. 2020, 28(3), 10-11. ISSN 1210-4612.
Type
Article
Departments
Annotation
On notable properties of perfect numbers and on their searching since Ancient Greece to Modern Age.
How current were the Czech textbooks of astronomy and physics by František Josef Smetana in their time?
Authors
Šolcová, A.; Šolc, M.
Year
2019
Published
Josef František Smetana a jeho doba. Praha 10: Nakladatelství viaCentrum s.r.o., 2019. p. 132-151. vol. 1. ISBN 978-80-87646-28-1.
Type
Book chapter
Departments
Annotation
The analytical study of Smetana's textbooks of astronomy and physics. It also provides an analysis of other contemporary texts
The Czech language - the language of mathematics, physics, and astrnomy in times of Josef František Smetana
Authors
Year
2019
Published
Josef František Smetana a jeho doba. Praha 10: Nakladatelství viaCentrum s.r.o., 2019. p. 154-163. ISBN 978-80-87646-28-1.
Type
Book chapter
Departments
Annotation
The Czech patriot Josef František Smetana was active in Pilsen and he tried to created new textbooks for Czech students. He created new terminology, which is compared with efforts of this time.
150 years from birth of professor Karel Petr
Authors
Year
2018
Published
Pokroky matematiky, fyziky a astronomie. 2018, 63(2), 149-150. ISSN 0032-2423.
Type
Article
Departments
Annotation
150 years from birth of professor Karel Petr. Karel Petr was excellent mathematician and rector of Charles University.
19th Congress of the Union of the Czech Mathematicians and Physicists in Ostrava 2018
Authors
Year
2018
Published
Pokroky matematiky, fyziky a astronomie. 2018, 63(3), 212-225. ISSN 0032-2423.
Type
Article
Departments
Annotation
Review on the Congress and activities of the Union of the Czech Mathematicians and Physicists
Bernard Bolzano
Authors
Year
2018
Published
Vědci, vynálezci a podnikatelé v českých zemích 5. Praha: Jonathan Livigston s.r.o., 2018. p. 47-79. Vědci, vynálezci a podnikatelé v českých zemích. vol. 5. ISBN 978-80-7551-096-9.
Type
Book chapter
Departments
Annotation
Life and work of famous mathematician Bernard Bolzano. Bolzano's teachers. First steps of mathematical logic and theory of sets.
Antonín Svoboda
Authors
Year
2017
Published
Vědci, vynálezci a podnikatelé v českých zemích. Praha: Jonathan Livigston s.r.o., 2017. p. 89-132. 1. vol. 3. ISBN 978-80-7551-046-4.
Type
Book chapter
Departments
Annotation
Antonín Svoboda is the famous pioneer of computer science. He is the author of the first Czechoslovak computer.
Kepler and Prague
Authors
Year
2017
Published
Johannes Kepler: O šestiúhelné sněhové vločce. Praha: MATFYZPRESS, vydavatelství Matematicko-fyzikální fakulty UK, 2017. p. 87-94. ISBN 978-80-7378-335-8.
Type
Book chapter
Departments
Annotation
Second chapter to Johannes Kepler paper Strena seu De Nive Sexangula (in Latin and Czech) - described Kepler's method and life in Prague. The famous Kepler hypothesis proved in the 21st century is introduced.
Seminary in the Universities, Herbertov 2017
Authors
Benda, J.; Šolcová, A.
Year
2017
Published
Pokroky matematiky, fyziky a astronomie. 2017, 62(3), 233-234. ISSN 0032-2423.
Type
Article
Departments
Annotation
11th Mathematics in the universities - Mathematical methods and models in financial world
The Origin of the Development of Mathematics of Insurance - Edmond Halley (1656 - 1742), From the Calculations of Orbits of Comets to Demographical Analysis
Authors
Year
2017
Published
Matematika na vysokých školách 2017. Praha: JČMF, 2017. p. 59-62. vol. 11.. ISBN 978-80-01-06179-4.
Type
Proceedings paper
Departments
Annotation
The contribution is devoted to the origin of the development of mathematics of insurance, to the life and scientific results of Edmond Halley (1656 - 1742), as astronomer interested in the calculations of orbits of comets and demographical Analysis, too.
Programming and Poetic Science of Ada Lovelace
Type
Book chapter
Departments
Annotation
The Life and Work of Ada Lovelace
The Early Days of the Boolean Algebra, George Boole and Mathematical Analysis of Logic,
Authors
Year
2016
Published
Book of Abstracts of 23rd ČPS Mathematical Conference. Olomouc: Univerzita Palackého v Olomouci. Centrum celouniverzitních aktivit Univerzity Palackého, 2016. p. 7-8. ISBN 978-80-244-4972-2.
Type
Invited/Awarded proceedings paper
Departments
Annotation
The Early Days of the Boolean Algebra, George Boole and Mathematical Analysis of Logic, first steps from solving differential equations to properties of operations in binary arithmetics.
Augusta Ada Lovelace = Bicennial celebration of Birthday
Authors
Lacko, B.; Šolcová, A.; Vladik, J.
Year
2015
Published
Brno: Akademické nakladatelství CERM, 2015. vol. 1. ISBN 978-80-7204-929-5.
Type
Book
Departments
Annotation
The book was created to celebration of 200 years of birthday of Ada Lovelace, the cooperator of Charles Babbage. She was the author of the first computer programmme.
On Five-Fold Symmetry
Type
Book chapter
Departments
Annotation
The study of symmetry. Application mathematical methods in science in past times and today.
Co prozradí paralaxa? aneb Pohled ke hvězdám očima geometrů vesmíru
Authors
Year
2014
Published
Jak je vesmír velký?. Ostrava: VŠB - Technická univerzita Ostrava, 2014.
Type
Proceedings paper
Departments
Annotation
Trigonometric paralax was used for measure of length in cosmos. Paralax of cefeids. The paralax of the star 61Cygni. Friedrich Wilhem Bessel.
From Tycho Brahe to Incorrect "Tycho de Brahe". A Searching for the First Occurrence, when the Mistaken Name Appeared.
Authors
Year
2014
Published
Pokroky matematiky, fyziky a astronomie. 2014, 59(4), 310-318. ISSN 0032-2423.
Type
Article
Departments
Annotation
The incorrect name of famous astronomer was more used during time of celebration of 300 years from Tycho's birthday by German writer Amalie Schoppe and Czech teacher Anton Faehnrich in 1846.
Severalways to the Minimization of Propositional Forms
Authors
Year
2014
Published
Pokroky matematiky, fyziky a astronomie. 2014, 59(3), 246-250. ISSN 0032-2423.
Type
Article
Departments
Annotation
In this contribution are explained Karnaugh method to minimization of propositional forms.
Mathematics, Science, Historie, and Culture
Authors
Šolcová, A.; Šolc, J.; Křížek, M.; Deng, Yushan; Jyun-Wei, Huang
Year
2013
Published
Taivan: International Press of Boston, 2013. vol. 1. ISBN 9781571462749.
Type
Book
Departments
Annotation
The study of symmetry. Application mathematical methods in science in past times and today.
The Canon-Problem
Authors
Keller, J.; Šolc, M.; Šolcová, A.
Year
2013
Published
Pokroky matematiky, fyziky a astronomie. 2013, 58(2), 158-161. ISSN 0032-2423.
Type
Article
Departments
Annotation
Mathematical theory of musical form - contrapunct composal technique "canon" and the analysis of application in choral singing
600 years of Prague’s horologe and the mathematics behind it
Authors
Křížek, M.; Šolcová, A.; Somer, L.
Year
2012
Published
Mathematical Spectrum. 2012, 44(1), 28-33. ISSN 0025-5653.
Type
Article
Departments
Annotation
They are studied special properties of Prague astronomical clock has and of gears of its bellwork. They are studied special properties of sindelian sequences.
On the Origin of the Union of Czech Mathematicians and Physicists
Authors
Year
2012
Published
Rozhledy matematicko-fyzikální. 2012, 87(1), 1-4. ISSN 0035-9343.
Type
Article
Departments
Annotation
Students of Prague's University created the Society for Free Lectures of Mathematics and Physics one hudred and fifty years before. This Society was the base for the Union of the Czech mathematicians and Physicists in 1869.
The Problem of canon
Authors
Keller, J.; Šolcová, A.; Šolc, M.
Year
2012
Published
Pokroky matematiky, fyziky a astronomie. 2012, 57(4), 1-8. ISSN 0032-2423.
Type
Article
Departments
Annotation
Imitative structures in music derived majority of musical styles. The work with attentive singers is connected with constructions of melodies of more frazes. The basic principles are searched in this article.
3rd seminar Albert Einstein and Prague 1911-1912
Authors
Šolcová, A.; Křížek, M.
Year
2011
Published
Pokroky matematiky, fyziky a astronomie. 2011, 56(4), 347. ISSN 0032-2423.
Type
Article
Departments
Annotation
3rd seminar Albert Einstein and Prague 1911 -1912 to 100th Anniversary of Albert Einstein Living in Prague, 4 special lectures
A Journey to the Stars and into the Heart of Molecules, Destiny of Vladimír Vand, Designer of Computers
Authors
Šolcová, A.; Křížek, M.
Year
2011
Published
Praha: Matematický ústav AV ČR, 2011. vol. 1. ISBN 978-80-85823-56-1.
Type
Book
Departments
Annotation
The physicist V. Vand (1911-1968) studied at the Faculty of Natural Sciences of Charles University in Prague. In his initial studies he devoted himself to the intense observation of variable stars. Together with Antonin Svoboda developed a linkage analog computer for the accoustic detection of aircraft position for the use in anti-aircraft artillery. In 1946-49 he constructed mechanical computers machines for establishing the structure of molecules from X-Ray difraction dates. He cooperated with Francis Crick on the structure of helix molecules by means of the Fourier transform. In 1953 he co-wrote with R. Pepinski the often-quoted and valuable monograph The statistical Approach to X-Ray Analysis. V. Vand also investigated meteor craters. He is the author of the monograph Astrogeology.
Calculus of variations, Radon Transform and Computer Tomography in Děčín
Authors
Šolcová, A.; Šolc, J.
Year
2011
Published
Pokroky matematiky, fyziky a astronomie. 2011, 56(1), 83-85. ISSN 0032-2423.
Type
Article
Departments
Annotation
Memorial tablet of Johann Radon, themas of seminar: computer tomography, differential geometry, number theory
Is there a crystal lattice possessing five-fold symmetry?
Authors
Křížek, M.; Šolc, J.; Šolcová, A.
Year
2011
Published
Notices of the American Mathematical Society. 2011, 2012(59)(01), 2-8. ISSN 0002-9920.
Type
Article
Departments
Annotation
There is studied five-fold symmetry of crystals and its possibilities and its properties in this survey.
Magic of Numbers. From Great Discoveries to Applications
Authors
Křížek, M.; Somer, L.; Šolcová, A.
Year
2011
Published
2 ed. Praha: Academia, 2011. Galileo. ISBN 978-80-200-1996-7.
Type
Book
Departments
Annotation
There we study properties and applications primes, you find here for instance connections between triangle numbers and the bellwork of Prague Astronomical Clock, between mathematics and Chinese calendar, construction of regular heptadodecagon, primes useful for safety dates etc. in the book.
New memorial plaque in honor of the geophysicist A Mohorovicic placed in Clementinum
Authors
Šolcová, A.; Matyska, C.
Year
2011
Published
Pokroky matematiky, fyziky a astronomie. 2011, 56(3), 261-262. ISSN 0032-2423.
Type
Article
Departments
Annotation
Croatian geophysicist Andrija Mohorovicic systematically studied seismic phenomenon discovered discontinuity MOHO inside the Earth body in 1910. He visited Prague's University and from 2011 in in the wall of Clementinum is in her honor the memorial plaque.
seminar Albert Einstein and Prague 1911 - 1912
Authors
Šolcová, A.; Křížek, M.
Year
2011
Published
Pokroky matematiky, fyziky a astronomie. 2011, 56(2), 174. ISSN 0032-2423.
Type
Article
Departments
Annotation
The seminar to 100th Anniversary of Albert Einstein living in Prague, 4 special lectures
To 100 Anniversary of the Birthday of Vladimír vand
Type
Article
Departments
Annotation
The physicist V. Vand interested in astronomy, spectroscopy, crystalography. He is a founder of the mechanical computer.
Vladimír Vand (1911-1968): Pioneer of Computational Methods in Crystalography
Authors
Šolcová, A.; Křížek, M.
Year
2011
Published
IEEE Annals of the History of Computing. 2011, 33(4), 2-8. ISSN 1058-6180.
Type
Article
Departments
Annotation
The Czech scholar Vladimr Vand substantially enriched many areas of science, from crystalography and astrogeology to computing. His most notable contribution to computing is the invention of a mechanical computer containing approximately 1 million little steel balls rolling through many guide bars. Using this research, Vand collaborated with William Cochran and Francis Crick on the early analysis of the structure of helix molecules.
Vladimír Vand - Designer of Mechanical Computers
Authors
Křížek, M.; Šolcová, A.
Year
2011
Published
Pokroky matematiky, fyziky a astronomie. 2011, 56(1), 19-34. ISSN 0032-2423.
Type
Article
Departments
Annotation
100 Anniversary of Vladimír Vand, Czech physicist, who substantially enriched to astronomy, crystalography a participated in studim of the structure of helix molecules.
A Walk through Mathematical, Physical, and Astronomical Prague, Part III
Authors
Šolcová, A.; Křížek, M.
Year
2010
Published
Pokroky matematiky, fyziky a astronomie. 2010, 55(3), 215-230. ISSN 0032-2423.
Type
Article
Departments
Annotation
A higher creative level of mathematics, physics, and astronomy was reached in the 19th century and 20th century , it is represented by outstanding personalities Doppler, Kulik, Bolzano, Tesla, Batlička, Pelc, Einstein etc.
Equation for the optimal trajectory of linear dynamic systems with a quadratic criterion
Authors
Liping, Liu; Křížek, M.; Šolcová, A.
Year
2010
Published
Far East Journal of Applied Mathematics. 2010, 14(2), 159-170. ISSN 0972-0960.
Type
Article
Departments
Annotation
A linear dynamical system described by ordinary differential equations with a quadratic criterion functional depends only on the initial value of the optimal control. A second order linear boundary value problem for the optimal trajectory is derived.
Prague Astronomical Clock and planetary hours
Type
Article
Departments
Annotation
The analysis of one of more ways to measure time from the dial of Prague Astronomical Clock
Serie of seminars to 600 Anniversary of the Prague Astronomical Clock
Authors
Šolcová, A.; Křížek, M.
Year
2010
Published
Pokroky matematiky, fyziky a astronomie. 2010, 55(4), 317-319. ISSN 0032-2423.
Type
Article
Departments
Annotation
We organized ten seminars on results of studies of astronomical clock in Prague.
The Mathematics Behind Prague,s Horologe
Authors
Křížek, M.; Somer, L.; Šolcová, A.
Year
2010
Published
Mathematical Culture. 2010, 1(2), 69-77. ISSN 2070-545X.
Type
Article
Departments
Annotation
Mathematical properties of the Prague Astronomical Clock and significant results of scientists living in Prague in past.
The New Medal of the Union of the Czech Mathematicians and Physicists
Authors
Šolcová, A.; Zajac, Š.
Year
2010
Published
Pokroky matematiky, fyziky a astronomie. 2010, 55(2), 162-163. ISSN 0032-2423.
Type
Article
Departments
Annotation
The description of the new medal of the Union of the Czech mathematicians and physicists, logo of Cyril Bouda, author of the medal Zdeněk Kolářský
10 Mathematical Theorems on Prague Astronomical Clock
Authors
Křížek, M.; Šolcová, A.
Year
2009
Published
Pokroky matematiky, fyziky a astronomie. 2009, 54(4), 281-300. ISSN 0032-2423.
Type
Article
Departments
Annotation
The properties of astronomial dial, steregraphic projection, konstruction of the mainwork and bellwork and its parts, Sindelian sequence and its properties
Esprinchard's Description of the Astronomical Clock - A Journey Report of the wise Hugenot
Authors
Year
2009
Published
Pokroky matematiky, fyziky a astronomie. 2009, 54(4), 364-365. ISSN 0032-2423.
Type
Article
Departments
Annotation
Esprinchard's report on the horologe that was published in the translation of " Tři francouzští kavalíoi v~rudolfínské Praze"
Jan Šindel - the Creator of the Mathematical Model of the Prague Astronomical Clock
Authors
Year
2009
Published
Pokroky matematiky, fyziky a astronomie. 2009, 54(4), 307-317. ISSN 0032-2423.
Type
Article
Departments
Annotation
Johannes Andreae dictus Schindel was accepted as designer of astronomical clock in Prague during 2nd half of 20th century. His life and scientific works are described in thi paper.
Magic of Numbers. From Great Discoveries to Applications
Authors
Křížek, M.; Somer, L.; Šolcová, A.
Year
2009
Published
Praha: Academia, 2009. Galileo. vol. 39. ISBN 978-80-200-1610-2.
Type
Book
Departments
Annotation
There we study properties and applications primes, you find here for instance connections between triangle numbers and the bellwork of Prague Astronomical Clock, between mathematics and Chinese calendar, construction of regular heptadodecagon, primes useful for safety dates etc. in the book.
Nečas Archives
Authors
Nečasová, Š.; Šolcová, A.
Year
2009
Published
Pokroky matematiky, fyziky a astronomie. 2009, 54(3), 259. ISSN 0032-2423.
Type
Article
Departments
Annotation
Manuscripts of mathematician Jindrich Necas are as the part of National cultural legacy and there are at the Archives of Charles University there.
Old vanished and destroyed horologes in Bohemia
Authors
Šolc, J.; Šolcová, A.
Year
2009
Published
Pokroky matematiky, fyziky a astronomie. 2009, 54(4), 369-370. ISSN 0032-2423.
Type
Article
Departments
Annotation
The article describes several not well known old non-existing horologes in some Czech towns.
Seminar and Memorial Tablet for Johann Radon
Authors
Year
2009
Published
Pokroky matematiky, fyziky a astronomie. 2009, 54(3), 259. ISSN 0032-2423.
Type
Article
Departments
Annotation
Memorial tablet for Johann Radon, mathematician and a founder of computer tomography etc.
The Horologe in the Krystof's valley
Authors
Křížek, M.; Šolcová, A.
Year
2009
Published
Pokroky matematiky, fyziky a astronomie. 2009, 54(4), 359. ISSN 0032-2423.
Type
Article
Departments
Annotation
in the Krystof's valley there was constructed the new Horologe in the former transformator station. The article presents details on this horologe.
The report on the oldest horologe in Bohemia
Authors
Year
2009
Published
Pokroky matematiky, fyziky a astronomie. 2009, 54(4), 357. ISSN 0032-2423.
Type
Article
Departments
Annotation
The report on the oldest evidence of the horologe at the townhall in the town Kutná Hora
Vladimír Vand and Scientific Computing
Authors
Šolcová, A.; Křížek, M.
Year
2009
Published
XXIII. International Congress of History of Science, Book of Abstracts. Budapest: Technical University, 2009. pp. 259.
Type
Proceedings paper
Departments
Annotation
Vladimir Vand invented own mechanical computer . Its description appeared in Nature (1949). He collaborated with W. Cochran and Francis Crick on the early analysis of the structure of helix molecules.
What is hidden in the repository of the Museum of the Capital Town Prague?
Authors
Year
2009
Published
Pokroky matematiky, fyziky a astronomie. 2009, 54(4), 370-372. ISSN 0032-2423.
Type
Article
Departments
Annotation
The dscovery of some original parts of the Prague horologe, especially the old zodiac ring